If you’ve been in the church for any length of time, you’ve probably heard generational curses discussed. There are two conflicting opinions:
God punishes children for the sins of their parents.
God doesn’t punish children for the sins of their parents.
Why the confusion?
Verses seem to support and argue against generational curses…
Exodus 20:5, 34:7, Numbers 14:18, and Deuteronomy 5:9 indicate God punishes children for the sins of their parents:
You shall not bow down to [idols] nor serve them. For I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children to the third and fourth generations of those who hate Me.
Other such as Deuteronomy 24:16 and Ezekiel 18:2-4, 20 indicate God doesn’t punish children for the sins of their parents:
Ezekiel 18:2-4, 20 The LORD says, “What do you mean by this proverb, ‘The fathers have eaten sour grapes, and the children’s teeth are set on edge’? This proverb shall no more be used. Behold, the soul who sins shall die…The son shall not suffer for the iniquity of the father…the wickedness of the wicked shall be upon himself.
The people said they were punished (their teeth were bad: “set on edge”), because of their parents’ sins (the “sour grapes” they ate). God said, “Don’t say this anymore. You’ll be punished for your own sins!”
How would I counsel professing believers in sin, such as Glennon Doyle Melton?
Before Katie and I were married, she looked for a job doing massage. We were excited when the professing Christian owner of a local barber shop offered her a room. After Katie’s first day of work she told me, “I don’t know how to say this, but the woman who owns the shop…is a man.”
Genesis 1:27 says God created us male and female. “She” was a man despite the physical changes he made to his body. Since he claimed to be a Christian, we decided to speak with him about living such a lifestyle while professing to follow Christ.
A Christian friend of ours was angry with us saying:
“How can you think of calling ‘her’ a ‘him’? How can you think of confronting ‘her’ about this? This is so unloving!”
In Matthew 7:1 Jesus said, “Judge not, that you be not judged.” Last post, 3 Truths About Judging, discussed what this verse is not saying: judging is wrong. So what is it saying? The primary rule for interpreting Scripture is to look at context. Let the Bible be the commentary on the Bible. Matthew 7:2 says:
For with what judgment you judge, you will be judged; and with the measure you use, it will be measured back to you.
We will be judged with the same standard we use with others
If you judge someone for doing something, you better make sure you don’t do it. If you judge people for:
Lying, you better not lie
Losing their tempers, you better not lose your temper
Being late late, you better be on time
Watching or listening to things they shouldn’t, you better not watch or listen to anything compromising
2 Samuel 11 is probably one of the most familiar chapters in Scripture, because it recounts David’s sins with Bathsheba and Uriah. Something that really stands out to me is the way David’s decisions changed the trajectory of his entire life.
The last verse of 2 Samuel 10 says, “And when all the kings who were servants to Hadadezersaw that they were defeated by Israel, they made peace with Israel and served them. So the Syrians were afraid to help the people of Ammon anymore.”
This verse is significant not so much because of what it says, but because of what it represents. This is the pinnacle of both David’s reign and life. Everything will change after this. While David’s life was previously characterized by victories and triumphs, now it will be characterized by pain and loss. David spent much of the rest of his life moving from one horrible situation to the next.
Certain decisions change the course of our lives
Following David’s repentance Nathan told him, “The Lord also has put away your sin; you shall not die” (2 Sam 12:13b). This reveals that, yes, we can be forgiven. Yes, God might be gracious. But our lives on this side of heaven might never be the same.Continue reading Avoiding Painful Decisions
A previous post laid a foundation for understanding the Beatitudes. Then we considered the first two Beatitudes: spiritual poverty and spiritual hunger. The third, “Blessed are you who weep now, for you shall laugh” (Luke 6:21b) led to a discussion about grief over the sin around us. While we should be grieved by the sin around us, the more important issue is, do we grieve over our sin?
A love for God demands we grieve over our sin. The Amplified says, “Blessed are you who weep now [over your sins and repent].”
While I don’t want to minimize sinning, the truly important issue is how we respond when we sin. We’ve all seen people fall into one of two categories:
People who sin and couldn’t care less.
People who sin and are genuinely grieved and broken over what they’ve done.
The latter is “godly sorrow [that] produces repentance” versus “worldly sorrow [that] produces death” (2 Cor 7:10). This is the grief Jesus said leads to blessing: “You shall laugh.”Continue reading Do we grieve over our sin?
This is one of the most important questions we can ever ask. This is why 2 Corinthians 13:5 commands us: “Examine yourselves as to whether you are in the faith. Test yourselves.”
In Matthew 7:21-23 Jesus made it clear many people are deceived about their salvation:
“Not everyone who says to Me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ shall enter the kingdom of heaven, but he who does the will of My Father in heaven.Many will say to Me in that day, ‘Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in Your name, cast out demons in Your name, and done many wonders in Your name?’And then I will declare to them, ‘I never knew you; depart from Me, you who practice lawlessness!’”
Here are six ways to do that!
Test 1: Spiritual fruit.
While works don’t save, they are one of the strongest evidences of being saved. I’m amazed by the number of people confident in salvation that lacks fruit. Could be the salvation of a parent, child, sibling, or even their own. Three times James said, “faith without works is dead” (2:17, 20, 26).
In the chapter, God sent a prophet – repeatedly called “man of God” – to confront the idolatry King Jeroboam introduced to the nation (the golden calves in 1 Kin 12:25-33). The Lord told the man of God, “You shall not eat bread, nor drink water, nor return by the same way you came” (1 Kin 13:9, 17). After the prophet received this command he was repeatedly tempted to disobey it (verses 7, 15, 18). It’s similar to what we experience: God gives us commands through His Word and we’re repeatedly tempted to disobey them.
But one of the other realities is the temptation often comes back stronger…
First, the old prophet said, “Come home with me and eat bread” (v. 15). The man of God resisted, but then the old prophet said, “I too am a prophet as you are, and an angel spoke to me by the word of the Lord, saying, ‘Bring him back with you to your house, that he may eat bread and drink water’” (v. 18). The second temptation was much stronger and more convincing than the first.
There are a number of similarities between the man of God and Balaam (in Num 22:1-21):
Balaam was commanded, “You shall not go with Balak; you shall not curse the people, for they are blessed” (Num 22:12).
They were both tempted to disobey the commands God gave them.
The were both tempted in similar ways:
Balaam was tempted to go with Balak.
The man of God was tempted to go with the old prophet.
And just like with the man of God, the second temptation Balaam experienced was much stronger and more convincing than the first…
First Balak said, “Please come at once, curse this people for me, for they are too mighty for me.” (Num 22:6). Balaam resisted (v. 13) and the second temptation: “Balak again sent princes, MORE NUMEROUS and MORE HONORABLE than before and they said to Balaam, ‘Please let nothing hinder you from coming to me; for I WILL CERTAINLY HONOR YOU GREATLY, and I WILL DO WHATEVER YOU SAY to me. Therefore PLEASE COME, curse this people for me’” (Num 22:15-17).
The final – and most tragic – similarity is Balaam finally went with Balak and it had terrible consequences for him, and the man of God finally went with the old prophet and it had terrible consequences for him.
The lesson for us: temptation often comes back stronger, and we need to be sure to resist it.
Yesterday’s sermon briefly discussed restitution and whether it’s an appropriate response to sin. This got me thinking about other responses to sin (besides the most obvious: repentance), and in particular, fasting. If you’d like a more detailed discussion of fasting please listen to these two sermons I preached:
For now I just want to discuss the two instances in Scripture of people fasting following sin…
The first situation involves – believe it or not – King Ahab, one of the wickedest men in the Old Testament. He learned he was going to be judged by God and “He tore his clothes…and fasted and lay in sackcloth, and went about mourning. [God said], ‘Because he has humbled himself before Me, I will not bring the calamity in his days.’” (1 Kin 21:27-29).
The second situation involves one of the wickedest groups of people in the Old Testament: the Ninevites. When they learned they were going to be judged it says, “[They] believed God, proclaimed a fast, and put on sackcloth from the greatest to the least of them. Then God saw their works, that they turned from their evil way; and God relented from the disaster that He said He would bring upon them, and He did not do it” (Jon 3:5, 10).
In both situations the people’s actions clearly pleased God, but it’s important to know it wasn’t their fasting that moved God:
In Ahab’s case it was his grieving and humility that delayed judgment.
With the Ninevites it was their mourning and repentance that brought God’s forgiveness.
The real question is whether fasting is an appropriate response to sin for us, Church Age Believers? The answer is…maybe. While it seemed to be pleasing to God in the Old Testament, we don’t see it commanded, encouraged, or even modeled in the New Testament as an appropriate response to sin. The closest verse would be Jesus’ words about fasting when mourning: “The days will come when the bridegroom will be taken away from them; then they will fast in those days” (Luke 5:35). If mourning is an appropriate time to fast, and you happen to be mourning over your sin, then it could be appropriate to fast too. For many people if they’re really upset about what they did, they probably don’t feel like eating anyway.
Finally, I think it’s very important to point out this isn’t penance. You don’t fast to be forgiven. Forgiveness only comes from what Jesus has done, and not from anything we could do.
The Gospel is explained financially in Scripture by using words accounting terms. The best way to appreciate the beauty that takes place when believers put their faith in Christ is by understanding these words. Let’s take a look at each of them!
The Gospel Is Explained Financially: Sin Debt
Because of our sins, we have a huge amount of sin debt against God. When Jesus taught His disciples to pray in Matthew 6:12 He encouraged them to say, “Forgive us our debts.” In the Parable of the Unforgiving Servant, the man doesn’t have a huge criminal record, but he does have a huge amount of debt. The servant pleaded with the king for mercy. In Matthew 18:27 it says, “The master of that servant was moved with compassion, released him, and forgave him the debt.” The forgiveness of the man’s debt pictured the forgiveness of his sins.
The Gospel Is Explained Financially: Ransom and Redemption
A ransom is something paid to cancel or erase a person’s debt. In Matthew 20:28 Jesus said He “did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a ransom for many.” Paul said, “Jesus gave Himself a ransom for all” (1 Tim 2:6).
When someone pays the ransom for another’s debt, it’s known as redemption. The individual who pays the ransom is known as a redeemer. Titus 2:14 says, “Jesus gave Himself for us, that He might redeem us from every lawless deed.” Peter discussed what was required to cancel our sin debt and he said we “were not redeemed with corruptible things, like silver or gold…but with the precious blood of Christ” (1 Pet 1:18, 19).
The Gospel Is Explained Financially: Imputation of Sin and Righteousness
I grew up in the mountains of northern California and some of my parents’ closest friends were Pete and Susie Lorenzen. We would go to their house and the adults would party while us kids ran around pretty unaware of what our parents were doing. When I was a teenager my best friend was JP Cochran. After high school he got into drugs and was arrested. Now let’s fast-forward twenty years…
When JP was in jail, he started reading the Bible, was saved, met an inmate who happened to be the guy his wife cheated on him with…and JP invited him to the study he was attending. Now JP is married, has kids, and his family attends Pete’s church. When I married Katie I asked JP to be my Best Man.
Regarding my parents and me, obviously being the pastor of WCC with my dad being one of the deacons isn’t what we would’ve imagined twenty years ago.
When we were in California a few weeks ago, Pete had me preach in his church, and JP was there. I thought of how much has changed with all of us over these years. Katie wrote something about that evening that I copied down and wanted to share: “Special night tonight. I am in my hometown where Scott and I grew up, but neither of us were Christians. Now he’s preaching here and it was wonderful. My God is a God who changes lives! I am no longer that girl, and my husband is no longer that boy. We are new creations in Christ and I am forever thankful for the new life in Him that we share together.” The point is the Gospel changes lives; I have so much confidence in it because I’m familiar with lives that it’s changed, including obviously my own.
Some weeks ago a man passed out in front of my office with pills all over the ground and and a half-empty bottle of vodka.
What he wanted was food, money, a place to sleep (he ended up being taken to a hospital in an ambulance), but what he needed was the Gospel (which I was able to share with him). Only the Gospel could change his life and prevent him from waking up countless more times on the edge of overdosing, or worse, not waking up at all. During Sunday’s sermon I talked about the spiritual liberty we can experience from our sins, and it’s a liberty that’s really only available from the Gospel. Nothing else changes lives or saves people temporarily and eternally.
This is actually saying a lot more than just that Jesus would die. The common Hebrew word for die is muwth. It’s the word used throughout the Old Testament for people dying…835 times to be exact. In verses like:
Genesis 5:5 All the days that Adam lived were nine hundred and thirty years, and he died (muwth).”
Job 1:19 Job’s servant said, “A great wind came across the wilderness and struck the four corners of the house, and it fell on the young people and they died (muwth).”
But the Hebrew word for Jesus being “cut off” is karath. It occurs 288 times in Scripture, frequently for guilty people being executed:
Genesis 9:11 Thus I establish My covenant with you: Never again shall all flesh be cut off (karath) by the waters of the flood.
Proverbs 2:22 The wicked will be cut off (karath) from the earth.
Psalm 37:9 evildoers shall be cut off (karath).
“Karath” is used 20 times in Leviticus to describe people who have to be executed – or cut off – from the rest of the congregation because of their sin.
Jesus died for “His” sins
The point is Daniel 9:26 is prophesying Jesus would not die a natural death (muwth). He would die a guilty person’s death (karath)because of the sins He would receive. We say Jesus died for our sins, and that’s true, but we could say He actually died for His own sin, because He owned our sins. When our sins were imputed to Jesus – or put to His account – they literally became HIS sins:
1 Peter 2:24 He bore our sins in His body on the cross.
Isaiah 53:6 The Lord has laid on Him the iniquity of us all.
Isaiah 53:11 He will bear their iniquities.
Isaiah 53:12 He bore the sin of many.
The classic New Testament verse is 2 Corinthians 5:21a: God made Him sin.
Daniel 9:26 prophesied of Jesus receiving the death penalty for His sin like a guilty criminal:
Matthew 27:38 Two criminals were crucified with Him.
Isaiah 53:12 He would be numbered with the transgressors.
He’s numbered with the transgressors – He experienced a guilty criminal’s death – because He became one of them.
Jesus became the guiltiest sinner in history
When our sins were put to Jesus’ account, He became the most sinful Person to ever live. Nobody has ever approached even a fraction of the sinfulness that was Jesus’ when He was on the cross. The amount of sin that was imputed to Him and became HIS is beyond comprehension.
This is classic double imputation:
Our sin is imputed to Christ.
Christ’s righteousness is imputed to us.
The tremendous irony that reveals the grace of God and the beauty of the Gospel is that although Jesus became the most sin-filled Man to ever live, He never sinned:
2 Corinthians 5:21 God made Him who knew no sin to be sin for us.
1 Peter 2:22 He committed no sin.
1 John 3:5 In Him there is no sin.
The guiltiest and most sin-filled, or sinFULLEST Person to ever live, was also the most innocent, holiest, perfect and righteous to ever live.
Discuss: What do you think when you consider Christ owning your sins for you? Does it help you think of your sins truly being taken away?
At Creation, there was perfect peace and harmony, but as a result of The Fall, seven conflicts were created. We say, “The Fall of Man,” but this can be misleading, since it sounds as though only man was affected. A better title would be “The Fall of Creation” because sin affected all of God’s creation.
Before banishing Adam and Eve from the Garden of Eden, God outlined what life would be like in a fallen world (Gen 3:16–19). The following conflicts were created:
1. Conflict between man and God.
“And they heard the sound of the Lord God walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the Lord God among the trees of the garden” (Gen 3:8). The intimacy and close fellowship mankind had experienced with God was ruined.
2. Conflict between man and animal.
“God spoke to the serpent: ‘I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your seed and her Seed’” (Gen 3:15). This points to the future conflict between the devil and Jesus, the Seed of the woman. But a surface reading also reveals the enmity and fear that exists between man and reptiles, insects, and other animals, many of which are now threatening and lethal.
3. Conflict between animal and animal.
Prior to The Fall there was peace between animals. The wolf, lamb, leopard, goat, calf, and lion dwelt together, and the cow, bear, lion, and ox ate together (Isa 11:6-8). Animals were herbivorous, but the harmony that existed between them was destroyed, and they became a threat to each other.
4. Conflict between man and nature.
“Cursed is the ground for your sake; in toil you shall eat of it all the days of your life. Both thorns and thistles it shall bring forth for you” (Gen 3:17b–18). Tending the Garden of Eden was a pleasant, enjoyable experience for Adam and Eve, but now nature poses a terrible threat.
Beyond the sheer labor needed to survive, millions have lost homes and lives in earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanoes, floods, and other natural disasters. This is why:
Paul described creation itself longing to be redeemed, struggling under the weight of sin (Rom 8:19-22).
Jesus rebuked a storm: “Hearose and rebuked the wind and the raging of the water” (Luke 8:24). Rebuking a storm makes sense only when considering the way creation was affected by sin, and put in subjection to the devil (John 12:31, 14:30, 16:11; Eph 2:2; 2 Cor 4:4; 1 John 5:19).
5. Conflict between man and man.
“Cain talked with Abel his brother; and it came to pass, when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother and killed him” (Gen 4:8). Since Adam’s firstborn, Cain, killed his brother, there have been millions of people destroyed by wars, murder, or some other form of violence.
6. Conflict between husband and wife.
This consequence is the topic of my book, Marriage God’s Way. If the Fall hadn’t taken place, there would be perfect harmony between husbands and wives. Perfect oneness. As a result of the Fall, there is pain, conflict, and struggle.
7. Conflict with death.
“In the sweat of your face you shall eat bread till you return to the ground, for out of it you were taken; for dust you are, and to dust you shall return” (Gen 3:19). The worst conflict introduced by the Fall is death. 1 Corinthians 15:26 calls death mankind’s last enemy, whose defeat will come only when Jesus Christ returns to end sin’s curse and place all things under His rule.
The destruction of death is one part of Christ’s redemption. Isaiah 2:4 says men will turn their weapons into agricultural tools, describing the peace that will be created by Christ’s redemption.
Just as sin affected all aspects of creation, so too will Christ’s redemption affect all aspects of redemption. Jesus will reverse the affects of The Fall, destroying all of sin’s curse. The conflicts will be gone, and perfect peace and harmony will again exist.
Are there any aspects of The Fall that you see as worse than others? Any part of sin’s curse that you particularly long to see it reversed by Christ’s redemption? Share your thoughts below!