The title of this morning’s sermon is, “The Lord Has Provided.”
In honor of Resurrection Sunday we started looking at this tremendous story. The chapter is about Abraham sacrificing his son Isaac, but we’ve focused on
how powerfully it looks forward to God the Father sacrificing His Son Jesus Christ.
We made it through verse 8 last week, and this morning we’ll pick up at verse 9. But first, let me briefly review something we discussed two weeks ago…
In verse 2 look at the words go to the land of Moriah, and offer him there as a burnt offering on one of the mountains of which I shall tell you.
God told Abraham specifically where to go. If this was simply to determine whether Abraham would or wouldn’t sacrifice Isaac, that’s a test he could’ve
passed or failed anywhere as there was no tabernacle yet where sacrifices were supposed to take place. So Abraham really could’ve sacrificed Isaac in
Beersheba where he lived instead of having to travel 50 miles over three days to reach Moriah.
The only reason God would send Abraham all the way to Moriah is if there’s something special about that location…and there is: Moriah
means, “chosen by Jehovah” and it’s only mentioned two times in Scripture:
- It’s mentioned here in Gen 22:2.
- And it’s mentioned is 2 Chr 3:1 where it’s identified as Jerusalem.
But it wasn’t just enough for Abraham to sacrifice Isaac at Jerusalem, he had to do so, “on one of the mountains God would show him.”
I told you the Hebrew word for mountain can also be translated hill, which it is 59 times in the OT; therefore…
· Since God had Abraham go all the way to what would later be Jerusalem…
· And since God would show Abraham the specific mountain – or hill – in Jerusalem where he’s to sacrifice his son…
· And since this whole situation is supposed to be a picture of what God the Father would do w/ His Son Jesus Christ…
I tend to think the mountain – or hill – that God revealed to Abraham could very well have been Calvary or Golgotha, the same
place where God would sacrifice His Son 2,000 years later.
So you can tell there’s something very special about the place where God wanted Abraham to take Isaac, and we’ve been reading this story for two weeks and
they finally reached that spot in verse 9…
Then they came to the place of which God had told him
(it’s amazing to think they might have been standing exactly where God would sacrifice His Son 2,000 yrs later)
. And Abraham built an altar there and placed the wood in order; and he bound Isaac his son and laid him on the altar, upon the wood. 10 And
Abraham stretched out his hand and took the knife to slay his son.
This brings us to Lesson 1 on our inserts. As a note, parts I through VI were from previous sermons, but I included them to keep all the typology between
Isaac and Jesus together…
LESSON 1: ISAAC AND JESUS: (PART VII) WERE PLACED ON THE WOOD FOR THEIR SACRIFICES.
I could not have watched this: I could not have watched a father bind his son like this and put him on the altar:
· But in being placed on the wood, Isaac looks like Jesus who was placed on the cross.
· Isaac didn’t climb on the wood anymore than Jesus climbed on the cross.
And even though it’s only a few words, try to imagine what this really would’ve been like for Abraham to do this w/ his son. Then try to imagine the true
and greater reality of God doing this w/ His Son.
And let me get you to notice something…
Back in verse 7 Isaac spoke to Abraham and said, “My father!”
[Abraham] said, “Here I am, my son.”
Then [Isaac] said, “Look, the fire and the wood, but where is the lamb for a burnt offering?”
I don’t want to sound overly simple, but we can tell Isaac speaks:
- He speaks to his father.
- He asks him questions.
- He inquires about what’s taking place.
That’s why there’s something truly amazing about verses 9 and 10: Isaac thinks a lamb is going to be sacrificed, but when
he’s bound, laid on an altar, his father picks up a knife to sacrifice him…
- There’s no mention of him saying a word.
- He doesn’t open his mouth.
· He knows he’s about to be sacrificed, but he’s as silent as a lamb going to the slaughter.
Isa 53:7 [says Jesus]
opened not His mouth;
He was led as a lamb to the slaughter,
And as a sheep before its shearers is silent,
So He opened not His mouth.
And this was perfectly and beautifully prefigured in Isaac.
And let’s discuss something so we can dispel the false images we have in our minds of Abraham sacrificing a small boy who was essentially helpless…
Please look back at verse 5 Abraham said to his young men. This refers to the two servants, and the Hebrew word for young men is na’ar (pr: nay-air); then Abraham said, “Stay here with the donkey; the lad (referring to
Isaac) and I will go yonder and worship, and we will come back to you.” The word for lad is alsona’ar. The Hebrew word used to describe Abraham’s servants is the same Hebrew word used to describe Isaac. Even though Abraham called him a lad, we don’t have to think he was any younger than the servants.
Please look at verse 6 [says] Abraham took the wood of the burnt offering and LAID IT ON ISAAC HIS SON. Isaac was old enough
and strong enough to carry a large amount of wood – enough wood for the burnt offering – some distance uphill. This makes Isaac look fairly old and
· Please look at the first verse of the next chapter : Gen 23:1 Sarah lived one hundred and twenty-seven years; these were the years of the life of Sarah.
o Sarah died when she was 127. She had Isaac when she was 90. That means Isaac was 37 when Sarah died at the beginning of chapter 23. So we know Isaac is
somewhat younger than that in chapter 22.
o Now while I can’t say for sure, if I had to guess – if someone forced me to choose an age for Isaac, what do you think I might guess?
o If God is trying to paint a picture of what He would do 2,000 years later with His Son, He might call Abraham to do this with Isaac when he’s the same
age as His Son.
Now let’s talk about Abraham…
Abraham was 100 years old when Isaac was born. However old Isaac was, add that to 100 and you get Abraham’s age in Gen 22. He could’ve been 130-something.
So what you have is this…
· You have what appears to be a very strong, healthy son.
· You have what appears to be a very old father.
The point is, Isaac could easily have overpowered his father. There’s only one reason Abraham was able to sacrifice Isaac and it’s this:
· Isaac was perfectly and completely submissive to his father…just like Jesus.
· Isaac was WILLING to lay down his life…just like Jesus.
LESSON 1: ISAAC AND JESUS: (PART VIII) SILENTLY LAID DOWN THEIR LIVES.
Isaac chose to lay down his life. Nobody – not even his father Abraham – took it from him. And Isaac’s willingness to lay down his life is a beautiful
picture of the willingness of Jesus to lay down His life:
- John 10:11 The good shepherd GIVES HIS LIFE FOR THE SHEEP.
- John 10:15 I LAY DOWN MY LIFE FOR THE SHEEP.
I LAY DOWN MY LIFE that I may take it again. NO ONE TAKES IT FROM ME, BUT I LAY IT DOWN OF MYSELF.”
- John 15:13 Greater love has no one than this, than to LAY DOWN ONE’S LIFE FOR HIS FRIENDS.
- 1 John 3:16 By this we know love, because HE LAID DOWN HIS LIFE FOR US.
Isaac easily could’ve prevented being sacrificed, but he chose to let it happen. When they came to arrest Jesus, Peter took out his sword to defend Him and
Matt 26:52 Jesus said, “Put your sword [away]…53 Do you think that I cannot now pray to My Father, and He will provide Me with more than twelve legions
What did Jesus mean? He meant, “I could easily prevent this, but I’m choosing to let it happen.”
And here’s the question…
- Why was Isaac so willing to be sacrificed?
- Why was he so peaceful and calm?
- Why was he silent?
- Why was he so submissive?
· Why did he let himself be bound and laid on the altar?
The simple, yet beautiful answer is this: Isaac trusted his father.
And this pictures the true and greater trust Jesus had in His Father:
1 Pet 2:23 When they hurled insults at him, He did not retaliate; when he suffered, He made no threats. Instead, HE ENTRUSTED HIMSELF TO HIM
[God the Father] who judges justly.
Perfect submission and trust between Abraham and Isaac, exactly like would be seen 2,000 years later between God and His Son.
Now before we read the next verse, we’re going to pause and have a theology lesson. I want to tell you ahead of time this will dramatically relate to
Abraham and Isaac…
The NT is very clear that nobody has seen or can see God:
- 1 Tim 6:16 [God] whom no man has seen or can see.
- 1 John 4:12 No one has seen God at any time.
· If you remember when Moses wanted to see God, in Exo 33:20 [God] said, “You cannot see My face; for no man shall see Me and live.” So not only has nobody seen God, if you did, you wouldn’t be able
to live to talk about it!
And the reason nobody has seen God is He’s invisible. Please listen to these verses:
Col 1:15 THE INVISIBLE GOD
1 Tim 1:17
The King eternal, immortal, INVISIBLE.
Heb 11:27 By faith [Moses] forsook Egypt, not fearing the wrath of the king; for he endured as SEEING HIM WHO IS INVISIBLE.
This refers to Moses seeing God by faith.
But here’s where it gets interesting…
In the OT, there were a number of people who saw God. Please listen to these verses:
· When Jacob had his dream of the ladder that stretched between heaven and earth, he saw God standing at the top of it: Gen 28:13 Behold, the Lord stood above [the ladder] and said: “I am the Lord God of Abraham your father and the God of Isaac.”
Exo 24:9-10 Moses, Aaron, Nadab, Abihu, and seventy of the elders [went up the mountain], and THEY SAW THE GOD OF ISRAEL.
That’s 74 people that saw God!
2 Chr 18:18 Micaiah said, “I SAW THE LORD SITTING ON HIS THRONE, and all the host of heaven standing on His right hand and His left.
Now I know you might be saying a few different things at this point:
- Which is it: people have seen God or they haven’t?
- It sounds like you’re saying there’s a contradiction in Scripture!
- You’re our pastor: you’re supposed to give us confidence in God’s Word, not make us think there are errors in it!
There are no errors or contradictions in Scripture. I want to tell you the solution, and I want to encourage you to please remember this for a few reasons…
· If you understand this it will help your reading and understanding of God’s Word in general…
· If you understand this it will help you understand the Trinity better…
· If you understand this you’ll more easily be able to accept odd situations like Jesus being God while also praying to God…
The solution is this: when it says, “Nobody has seen God” it means nobody has seen God the Father.
Very often in the NT when God the Father is discussed, it doesn’t say, “God the Father”, it simply says, “God.” In other words, very
often in the NT when God is mentioned it is specifically referring to God the Father.
Here are a few examples:
John 3:16 For God so loved the world He gave His only begotten Son.
It says “God” but who is it specifically referring to?
Rom 5:8 God demonstrates His own love toward us in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us.
Again, it only says “God” but it’s referring to God the Father.
1 Cor 11: 3 The head of Christ is God.
It only says “God” but it’s referring to God the Father.
1 John 4:9-10
In this the love of God was manifested toward us, that God has sent His only begotten Son into the world, that we might live through Him. 10 In this is love, not that we loved God, but that He loved us and sent His Son to be the propitiation for our sins.
God is mentioned a number of times, and each time it’s referring to God the Father.
Matt 27:46 [Jesus said] “My God, My God, why have you forsaken Me?”
People read this and say, “How can Jesus BE God while praying TO God?” It makes more sense if you understand three distinct Persons in the
Trinity, with God the Son praying to God the Father. The only reason Jesus didn’t call God “Father” – like He did earlier throughout the Gospels – is
b/c of the separation taking place between Father and Son at this moment on the cross.
So I just want you to know very often throughout the NT when it says “God” it’s referring to God the Father.
And similarly, throughout the NT when God the Son is being discussed it doesn’t say, “God the Son.” Just like it doesn’t say, “God the Father” it
doesn’t say, “God the Son.” It simply says:
· Or Christ
· Or Jesus Christ
· Or Christ Jesus
To emphasize Jesus being the Messiah.
Or God the Son will be called the Son of God. If you’re a Mormon or Jehovah’s Witness you think this means Jesus is less than God. But if you’re a
Christian you understand referring to Jesus as the Son of God doesn’t make Him any less God than referring to God as Father makes Him any less God.
And the religious leaders of Jesus’ day understood when He called Himself the Son of God He was identifying Himself as God: John 5:18 The Jews sought all the more to kill [Jesus], because He…said that God was His Father, making Himself EQUAL WITH GOD.
So when it says nobody has ever seen God, it means nobody has seen God the Father. This isn’t my opinion. Please listen to these verses saying that…
- John 5:37 The Father Himself, who sent Me…You have neither heard His voice at any time, NOR SEEN HIS FORM.
- John 6:46 Not that anyone has seen the Father, except He who is from God; He has seen the Father.
So we’re specifically told it’s God the Father nobody has seen.
And this is important, b/c it lets us know when people saw God in the OT, they weren’t seeing the First Person of the Trinity, God the Father. When people
saw God in the OT they were seeing the Second Person of the Trinity, God the Son, the preincarnate Jesus Christ. If you ever wanted strong evidence that
Jesus is God, considering He’s the Person of the Trinity people saw in the OT and recognized as God is some of the strongest evidence you could be given.
This brings us to Lesson 2; we’ll come back to Lesson 1, Part IV later…
LESSON 2: PEOPLE HAVEN’T SEEN GOD THE FATHER, BUT THEY’VE SEEN GOD THE SON.
In the OT when people saw God, they were seeing Jesus. I don’t want you to think this is my opinion, so let me briefly give you three examples…
First, possibly the most famous vision of God is in Isa 6. It starts off with a verse some of you might have memorized:
Isa 6:1 In the year that King Uzziah died, I SAW THE LORD SITTING ON A THRONE, high and lifted up, and the train of His robe filled the
- Isa 6:5 So I said:
me, for I am undone!
Because I am a man of unclean lips,
And I dwell in the midst of a people of unclean lips;
FOR MY EYES HAVE SEEN THE KING,
THE LORD OF HOSTS.”
Isaiah clearly saw God. It might be tempting to think he saw God the Father, but he saw God the Son. He said, “My eyes have seen the King”
and He saw the King of Kings, Jesus Christ.
I’m not inferring this or concluding this on my own. Jesus Himself said Isaiah saw Him and described Him: John 12:41, speaking of Isa 6, says, “Isaiah…saw Jesus’ glory and spoke of Him.” If you ever deal with Jehovah’s Witnesses who don’t believe
Jesus is God, take them to Isa 6, ask them if this is God, then take them to John 12:37-41 where Jesus says Isaiah saw
The other tremendous vision of God is in Eze 1. It describes the four living creatures – or angels – from Rev 4 carrying the throne of God on some surface
above their heads. Again you’d read this vision and think it’s about God the Father, but toward the end of the chapter:
Eze 1:26 Above the firmament over their heads was the likeness of a throne [and on it] was a likeness with THE APPEARANCE OF A MAN
HIGH ABOVE IT.
This is Jesus Christ, resembling a man before the Incarnation.
When Daniel’s three friends were thrown in the fiery furnace:Dan 3:24 Nebuchadnezzar was astonished; and he [said], “Did we not cast three men bound into the midst of the fire?”…25 “Look! I see four men loose, walking in the midst of the fire; and they are not hurt, and the form of the fourth is like THE SON OF GOD.”
He was seeing the preincarnate Jesus Christ.
And if you’re tempted to say, “Well, how do you know it’s Jesus instead of God the Father?” I’d remind you of the verses I mentioned earlier that
nobody has ever seen God the Father.
Let me share an important verse w/ you that ties much of this together…
John 1:18 No one has seen God at any time
(again referring to God the Father even though it only says God)The only begotten Son, who is in the bosom of the Father, He has declared HIM (The Father) . The NAS says Jesus has explained Him; the ESV says Jesus has made Him known.
No one has ever seen God. But the unique One
(referring to Jesus), who is himself God…has revealed God to us.
- NIV No one has ever seen God, but the one and only Son, who is himself God…has made him known.
Even though God the Father is invisible, Jesus has revealed Him or made Him known. This is why Jesus is called:
The image of the invisible God
in Col 1:15 and 2 Cor 4:4.
The brightness of [God’s] glory and the express image of His person
in Heb 1:3
- This is why in John 12:45 [Jesus said], “He who sees Me sees Him who sent Me (referring to the Father).
- This is why Philip said, “Show us the Father” and in John 14:9 Jesus said, “ He who has seen Me has seen the Father. Do you not believe that I am in the Father, and the Father in Me?”
Unfortunately, people sometimes wrongly think Jesus began – or started – or worse was created –when He was born in Bethlehem. The truth is since Jesus is
God, He eternally existed with God and as God before being born in Bethlehem: John 1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.
Now I want to ask you to please listen, b/c this next part is very important…
1. First, not only did Jesus exist prior to being born as a Man, He was active throughout the OT as a very special Individual called the Angel of the Lord.
2. Second, this Angel is God. The most common way people saw God in the OT was through the Angel of the Lord; when people saw this Angel they were seeing God, b/c this Angel was God.
Now maybe you’re saying,
“How do we know the Angel of the Lord is God? How do we know this Angel isn’t just…some other
Great question. There are a number of places in the OT identifying the Angel of the Lord as God. I want
to show you one simple, well-known example. Please briefly turn to Exo 3. This is when God spoke to Moses through the Burning Bush. Let’s
look at verse 2…
2 And the Angel of the Lord appeared to [Moses] in a flame of fire from the midst of a bush. So he looked, and behold, the bush was burning with fire,
but the bush was not consumed.
Notice it says the Angel of the Lord.
Then Moses said, “I will now turn aside and see this great sight, why the bush does not burn.”
So when the
saw that [Moses] turned aside to look,
(notice this…) GOD called to him from the midst of the bush and said, “Moses, Moses!”
And [Moses] said, “Here I am.”
Verse 2 said it was the Angel of the Lord and now we’re told it was God.
(this is the Angel of the Lord) said, “Do not draw near this place. Take your sandals off your feet, for the place where you stand is holy ground.” 6 Moreover He said, “I am
the GOD of your father—the GOD of Abraham, the GOD of Isaac, and the GOD of Jacob.” And Moses hid his face, for he was afraid to look upon GOD.
You have the Angel of the Lord identifying Himself as the GOD of Abraham, the GOD of Isaac, and the GOD of Jacob.
Now let me tie all of this together…
· The NT says nobody has seen or can see God; He’s called invisible…
· But people in the OT saw God…
· This is resolved by understanding when the NT mentions God, it’s often referring to God the Father, and when it says nobody has seen God, it means nobody
has seen God the Father.
· When people saw God in the OT they were seeing God the Son before He became a Man in the Person of Jesus Christ:
o This is why John 1:18 says Jesus has revealed or made the Father known…
o This is why Jesus can be called the image of God…
o This is why Jesus could tell Philip, “If you’ve seen Me, you’ve seen the Father.”
And here’s the important part…
When people saw God in the OT, the most common way they saw Him was as the Angel of the Lord.
· We know this Angel is God.
· We know this Angel can’t be God the Father, b/c nobody can see God the Father.
· We know this Angel can’t be God the Holy Spirit, b/c the Holy Spirit is a Spirit.
That leaves us w/ the Angel of the Lord being God the Son.
This is why when people saw God in the OT it’s called a Christophany: an OT appearance of Christ before He became a Man at the Incarnation.
This is why when you read through the OT you regularly encounter the Angel of the Lord but when you
reach the New Testament you think, “Where is He? Where’s this Person who was so important throughout the OT?”
He’s there in the NT, but He’s taken on flesh and become a Man: John 1:14 The Word (which was identified as God in John
1:1) became flesh and dwelt among us.
Throughout the OT you see the Angel of the Lord serving God the Father, accomplishing His purposes,
fulfilling His will…and really that’s what Jesus continued doing in the NT after He became a Man. That’s why you see so many verses where Jesus discussed
doing His Father’s will:
“My food is to do THE WILL OF HIM WHO SENT ME, AND TO FINISH HIS WORK.”
Finish His work Jesus started in the OT as the Angel of the Lord.
John 5:30 & 6:38 I do not seek My own will but THE WILL OF THE FATHER WHO SENT ME.
Matt 26:39 [Jesus] went a little farther and fell on His face praying, “O My Father, if it is possible, let this cup pass from Me; nevertheless,
NOT AS I WILL, BUT AS YOU WILL.”
The point is, when God the Son – as the Angel of the Lord in the OT – became a Man – in the Person of
Jesus Christ in the NT – He simply continued the ministry of serving God and doing His will that He had started in the OT.
In the Old Testament God the Father was preparing people to know His Son:
· He was providing foreshadowings of Christ…
· He was foreshadowing Him becoming a Man through these preincarnate appearances…
Every time people saw the Angel of the Lord the Father was readying people to receive His Son Jesus
That’s why these OT appearances of Christ were only temporary: they only hinted at the Incarnation when God the Son would fully and permanently become a
Man and live among His people.
Now, we all understand who the Angel of the Lord is, right? The preincarnate Jesus Christ!
With this understanding in mind, please turn back to Gen 22. I want to show you something that has left me all week feeling like I don’t
have the words to capture the beauty of it; I don’t have the words to describe the greatness of the intersection that took place in this chapter…
We’ve been reading about Isaac being a picture of Jesus throughout the story. We’ve discussed Jesus as much – or maybe more – than we’ve discussed Isaac
himself. And in the next verse, Jesus shows up. This story has been about Him, and He’s finally here…
But the Angel of the LORD called to [Abraham] from heaven and said, “Abraham, Abraham!”
So he said, “Here I am.”
And He said, “Do not lay your hand on the lad, or do anything to him; for now I know that you fear God, since you have not withheld your son, your only son, from Me.”
Now back to Lesson 1…
LESSON 1: ISAAC AND JESUS: (PART IV) MET ON MOUNT MORIAH.
Look at the unique way the Angel speaks: I know that you fear God, since you have not withheld your son…from Me. This doesn’t seem to make
sense: we would expect the angel to say:
- “I know that you FEAR GOD, since you have not withheld your son FROM HIM”
- Or “I know that you FEAR ME, since you have not withheld your son FROM ME”
But instead He says, “I know that you fear God, since you have not withheld your son…from Me.”
You have the Angel referencing God while also identifying Himself as God. You see the Angel as God but also as distinct from God. The only way this makes
sense is if you see the distinctions between the three divine Persons of the Trinity.
This is the premier OT picture of what Jesus would do 2,000 years later, possibly on this exact same spot, and He showed up at this moment to prevent it
from taking place. And here’s what we need to ask ourselves: why did Jesus bring this to a halt?
1. First, b/c like verse 1 says it had always only been a test.
2. But second – and I would say more importantly – this had never been about Isaac being sacrificed: this had always been about Jesus being sacrificed.
Throughout John’s Gospel Jesus repeatedly said, “My time has not yet come…My time has not yet come…My time has not yet come.” And in a way
that’s what you’re seeing here: Jesus shows up at the location where He would more than likely be sacrificed and He stops it from happening, b/c the time
had not yet come for Him to be sacrificed here.
Just imagine what was happening at this moment:
· Jesus stood some number of feet away from Abraham while Abraham raised his hand to sacrifice his son…like the Father would do w/ Him.
· Jesus stood some number of feet away from Isaac, the man representing Him.
· And Abraham and Isaac were some number of feet away from Jesus, the Individual who would later actually die for the two of them, fulfilling what they
were only prefiguring at this moment.
And to see how much this story continued to reveal Jesus look at verse 13…
Then Abraham lifted his eyes and looked, and there behind him was a ram caught in a thicket by its horns. So Abraham went and took the ram,
and offered it up for a burnt offering instead of his son.
In verse 8 Abraham said, “My son, God will provide for Himself the lamb for a burnt offering.”
It’s tempting to think this ram is the fulfillment of Abraham’s words, but…
- In verse 7 Isaac said, “Where is the LAMB?”
- In verse 8 Abraham answered, “God will provide a LAMB.”
- And in verse 13 Abraham found a RAM. They’re different words in Hebrew:
o The word for lamb in verses 7 and 8 is the Hebrew wordseh (pr: say), and it means, “one of a flock, lamb, sheep, goat.”
o The word for ram in verse 13 is‘ayil (pr: aa-yeel), and it means, “ram”.
When Isaac said, “Where is the lamb for the burnt offering?” he was asking one of the most important questions in history. And when
Abraham answered Isaac’s question saying God would provide for Himself a lamb, he was giving one of the most important answers in history.
God would provide a Lamb…
If you look back in verses 7 and 8 you can circle the word lamb where it occurs twice and write “John 1:29” This is when John the Baptist said, “Behold! The Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world.” It would be 2,000
yrs later, but…
· This is when Isaac’s question would finally be answered…
· This is when Abraham’s words would finally be fulfilled.
In the second half of verse 13 look at the words Abraham took the ram and offered it up for a burnt offering (and notice
these next words…) INSTEAD OF HIS SON.
If you write in your bible you can circle the words instead of his son and write, “substitutionary atonement.”
This ram died in Isaac’s place:
· When Abraham sacrificed this ram instead of Isaac, it beautifully pictured Christ being sacrificed for us.
· Abraham built the altar for Isaac but when the ram died on it in his place, it beautifully pictured Christ dying on the altar of the cross in our place.
· Just like this ram was Isaac’s substitute, so too is Christ our substitute.
The substitutionary atonement that’s prefigured here would find its true and greater fulfillment when Christ did for us.
And Abraham called the name of the place, The-LORD-Will-Provide
(in Hebrew this is Jehovah Jireh);
Abraham’s words are particularly interesting…
In verse 8 Abraham said, “My son, God will provide for Himself the lamb for a burnt offering.”
· If Abraham saw the ram as the sacrifice God would provide, what would he have called this place?
· If Abraham saw the ram as the complete fulfillment of what God would provide, what would he have called this place?
He would’ve called it “The-LORD-HAS-Provided.” Instead he calls it The-LORD-WILL-Provide. Abraham was looking forward to
a future day when God would provide infinitely more than this ram.
Now this brings us to an interesting question – and it might be a question you’ve been asking yourself since we started this study – we see Jesus so much
through what transpired with Isaac:
- Could Abraham see Jesus through what transpired with Isaac?
- Could Abraham have had any idea that what he was doing w/ his son was a picture of what God the Father would do w/ His Son?
Could Abraham have had any idea that the Individual that stopped him from sacrificing his son was the Individual his son represented while laying
on the altar?
- Could Abraham have had any idea the Individual that stopped Him was the Individual who would later actually die for him and his son?
I’ll tell you something very interesting that makes it seem like Abraham had at least some idea of the true and greater reality of what was transpiring
between him and his son, and that he did in fact see Jesus through Isaac…
John 8:56 [Jesus said], “Abraham rejoiced to see My day, AND HE SAW IT and was glad.”
It’s means very little to say Abraham rejoiced to see Christ’s day – that just means he looked forward to the fulfillment of the promises God made him –
but then it says Abraham DID see Christ’s day!
When did Abraham see Christ’s day? This brings us to Lesson 3…
LESSON 3: ABRAHAM SAW JESUS THROUGH ISAAC.
Abraham saw Jesus – and he saw what Jesus would do – through Isaac. There are a number of quotes I could give you, but here are a few:
- Warren Wiersbe said, “When Isaac willingly [allowed himself to be] put on the altar, Abraham saw the day of Christ’s death and resurrection.”
A.W. Pink said,
“How did Abraham ‘see’ Christ’s day? Abraham saw the day of Christ in type. In offering Isaac on the altar and in receiving him back in in a
figurative sense from the dead [as Heb 11:19 says], he received a marvelous foreshadowing of the Savior’s death and resurrection.”
· My Moody Bible commentary says, “Abraham witnessed through the binding of Isaac a foreshadowing of the death and resurrection of Christ.”
- Barnes said, “ Abraham was permitted to have a view of the death of the Messiah as a sacrifice for sin, represented by the command to offer Isaac.”
- Matthew Poole said, “[Abraham] saw [Christ’s day] in the type of Isaac being offered, then receiving him [back].”
“He saw Christ and his day, his sufferings, death, and resurrection from the dead, in a figure; in the binding of Isaac, in the sacrifice of the
ram, and in the receiving of Isaac [back] from the dead.”
Please also listen to this very interesting verse…
“The secret of the Lord is with those who fear Him, And the Lord will show them His covenant.”
Abraham feared God – we know that from verse 12 – and God showed him His Covenant:
NAS The secret of the LORD is for those who fear Him, And He will make them know His covenant.
- ESV The friendship of the LORD is for those who fear him, and he makes known to them his covenant.
Abraham was called the friend of God, he feared God, and it’s very possible – like this verse says – that God showed him His Covenant – the New Covenant –
in the Old Testament through Isaac.
This would help explain Abraham being the father of faith – or being the father of New Covenant believers – while in the Old Testament…b/c God revealed His
Son to him and he looked forward in faith to that Son coming.
And just to show you how possible it is that Abraham saw Jesus through Isaac, there’s evidence he passed along that revelation to subsequent generations.
Look at verse 14…
14b as it is said to this day, “In the Mount of the LORD it shall be provided.”
Notice the words as it is said to this day. That means the day these words were written…and who wrote this? Moses did. And he wrote it
almost 5 centuries after this took place. That means 5 centuries later people were still saying, “ON THIS MOUNT – AT THIS LOCATION, AT THIS SPECIAL SPOT TITLED JEHOVAH JIREH – GOD WILL PROVIDE.”
That means centuries later the people didn’t see the ram as God’s complete provision either…
· They were still looking forward to God providing something greater…
· They were still looking forward to the true and greater fulfillment of God’s provision.
Now look at verse 15…
Then the Angel of the LORD called to Abraham a second time out of heaven, 16 and said: “By Myself I have sworn, says the LORD, because you
have done this thing,
(now notice this…) and have not withheld your son, your only son—
The words your only son take us back to verse 2 where God said, “Take now your son, your only son.” Isaac was Abraham’s only begotten son: Heb 11:17 By faith Abraham, when he was tested, offered up Isaac…HIS ONLY BEGOTTEN SON. And all of this looks forward to God offering up
His only begotten Son.
This is the second time we read the exact same words:
- At the end of verse 12 have not withheld your son, your only son.
- At the end of verse 16 have not withheld your son, your only son.
It’s repeated twice that Abraham did not withhold his son; he was willing to deliver him up. And it all looks forward to God not withholding His Son, whom
He was willing to deliver up.
You can circle the words have not withheld your son, your only son and write, ““Rom 8:32”. Rom 8:32 He who did not spare His own Son, but delivered Him up for us all.
This is why unlike the people in the OT, we no longer say “The Lord will provide.” The title of this sermon is, “ The Lord Has Provided”…and He has!
We can proclaim with great joy and thanksgiving that God has provided the Lamb that takes away the sins of the world. He did this 2,000 years ago when He
sacrificed His Son:
· Jesus was the true and greater son of Abraham that was sacrificed.
· Jesus was the one and only sacrifice that could ever be meaningful and could ever wash away our sins.
Some of you here might not be washed by the blood of Christ though:
· You’ve never surrendered your life to Jesus.
· You’re still living for yourself, rejecting the free gift of salvation and forgiveness that’s available by grace through faith.
Please listen carefully to the hymn we’ll be singing after the sermon. Sincerely ask yourself if you are washed in the blood of the true and greater Lamb.
If you have any doubt about this, Pastor Doug and I will be up front at the end of service and we’d love the opportunity to speak with you.
LET’S REVIEW THESE LESSONS:
LESSON 1: ISAAC AND JESUS:
· (PART VII) WERE PLACED ON THE WOOD FOR THEIR SACRIFICES.
· (PART VIII) SILENTLY LAID DOWN THEIR LIVES.
· (PART IV) MET ON MOUNT MORIAH.
LESSON 2: PEOPLE HAVEN’T SEEN GOD THE FATHER BUT THEY’VE SEEN GOD THE SON.
Author: Scott LaPierre